Permesso Di Soggiorno
Permesso Di Soggiorno
In Italy the temporary residence permit (Permesso di Soggiorno) is controlled by the Polizia di Stato, who are under the tutelage of the Ministry of the Interior. It must be requested by the immigrant to be allowed to reside in the country for more than eight days, or more than ninety days if having a travel visa (visto d’ingresso) for tourism. It is not required for European citizens. Permessos are governed by the legislative decree 25 July 1998 n. 286 and the related implementation regulation pursuant to Presidential Decree no. 179 of 14 September 2011
Types of residence permits in Italy
There are two types of residence permits which can be obtained in Italy: the temporary residence permit and the permanent residence permit. It must be noted that in order to obtain permanent residency in Italy, a temporary residence visa must first be obtained.
The temporary residency visa must be obtained by non-EU citizens when first arriving in Italy. EU citizens must only register with the police department in the city they live in without being required to apply for a temporary residence permit. However, both categories of individuals must live for a minimum period of 5 years before applying for permanent residence in Italy.
The residence permit can also be acquired by:
the spouse of the applicant;
the parents of the applicant;
the minor children of the applicant;
children above the age of 18 if these can support themselves.
In other words, the applicant is entitled to bring family members when relocating to Italy. However, the applicant must prove they have sufficient financial means to support themselves and their dependents, as well as submit proof of their relationship with the dependents.
The main ways of obtaining permanent residency in Italy
There are several conditions imposed on both EU and non-EU citizens interested in obtaining permanent residency in Italy. Apart from living for 5 years in this country, these must also prove they earn sufficient money to support themselves and that they speak Italian fluently and know the national customs. They must also have clean criminal records.
There are several ways in which the Italian permanent residency can be obtained:
based on a work permit which entitles the applicant to live and work in Italy prior to applying for permanent residency;
based on a residence permit for entrepreneurs which allows foreign citizens to start their own businesses here;
based on an investment in a specific domain of interest acknowledged by the Italian government;
based on self-employment visa which allows the foreigner to act as a sole trader in Italy.
Our Italian immigration lawyers can explain the requirements related to obtaining permanent residency by self-employment, as an entrepreneur or base on investment.
Italian permanent residence for EU citizens
It is very easy for EU citizens to apply for a permanent residence permit in Italy, as they only need their valid IDs or passports when entering the country. In their case, a simple declaration of presence with the police station of the city they live in is sufficient. This declaration must be filed within 8 days from entering Italy.
EU citizens have the right to apply for permanent residence permits after living for more than 3 months in Italy. It should also be noted that it may take up to 3 months for obtaining the Italian permanent residence.
Applying for a permanent residence permit for non-EU citizens in Italy
Non-EU citizens must follow specific procedures when applying for permanent residence in Italy. Those who want to immigrate to Italy must inquire with the Italian embassy or consulate in their countries and ask information on the documents needed.
Non-EU citizens must first apply for a temporary residence permit which is issued for a period of 5 years, followed by the application for the Italian permanent residence permit. In other words, a non-EU citizen must live in Italy for 5 years prior to applying for permanent residence.
Our law firm can advise non-EU citizens on the requirements related to Italy immigration.
Documents required for an Italian permanent residence permit
The following documents must be filed by non-EU citizens applying for a permanent residence permit in Italy:
proof that the foreign citizen has lived in Italy for 5 years (the temporary residence permit);
the registration certificate issued by the local police force upon entering Italy;
proof of having a legal address in Italy (a rental contract or a recent utility bill);
proof of means of self-sustenance (bank statements, tax returns, payslips issued by the employer);
the criminal record and the application form issued by the Italian authorities.
Restrictions for certain applicants for permanent residency in Italy
There are also categories of persons who cannot apply for permanent residence permits in Italy. These are usually students who come to Italy based on student visas which permit a limited duration of stay. In the same category enter those who come for scientific purposes or for vocational training to Italy. Also, asylum seekers who in the process of obtaining recognition as refugees cannot apply for permanent residence until their status is clarified.
Those who enter Italy for humanitarian reasons seeking temporary protection cannot apply for permanent residency in Italy.
Those who have valid temporary residence permits and have not met the 5-year living requirement are also restricted for applying for permanent residency until the last requisite is fulfilled.
The benefits of obtaining permanent residency in Italy
Obtaining the status of a permanent resident of Italy can bring many benefits for a foreign citizen. Among these, we mention the possibility of entering and existing Italy without being required to apply for other visas. Also, the foreign citizen can travel freely to other EU countries and can even work in such countries without being required to apply for a work permit. One is also entitled to state benefits, such as maternity or disability benefits.
The last and perhaps the most important advantage is the possibility of obtaining Italian citizenship. In the case of EU citizens, the minimum period of stay is 4 years, while for non-EU citizens the minimum period of stay is 10 years based on the permanent resident status.