European driving licence

$1,000.00

Description

European driving licence

The European driving licence is a driving licence replacing the many driving licence styles already in use in the member states of the European Economic Area (EEA) (all 28 EU member states as well as 3 EFTA member states; Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). It has the credit card-style with a photograph and possibly a microchip. They were introduced to replace the 110 different plastic and paper driving licences of the 300 million drivers in the EEA. The main objective of the licence is to decrease the risk of fraud.

A driving licence issued by a member state of the EEA, is recognized throughout the EEA and can be used as long as it is valid, the driver is old enough to drive a vehicle of the equivalent category, and the licence is not suspended or restricted and has not been revoked in the issuing country. If the holder of an EEA driving licence moves to another EEA country, the licence can be exchanged for a driving licence from the new EEA country. However, as all EEA driving licences are recognised throughout the EEA, it is usually not necessary to exchange it.[citation needed]

The exception is for those holding EEA driving licences issued in exchange for a non‑EEA licence. When holding a converted licence, one should not assume the licence can be exchanged when moving to another EEA country. This only applies when permanently relocating to a different EEA country. As a tourist, an EEA-licence issued in exchange of a non-EEA licence is recognised throughout the EEA.

Standard data field labelling[edit]

To help users of different languages to understand what each of the data fields on the licence contains, they are labelled with a number. A legend is usually supplied on the reverse of the card in the issuing authority’s language.

  1. surname
  2. given name
  3. date of birth, place of birth
  4. a) date of issue, b) date of expiry, c) issuing authority, d) personal number
  5. licence number
  6. photograph of holder
  7. signature of holder
  8. Address
  9. licence categories
  10. first issuing date of the category
  11. expiry date of the category
  12. restrictions (number coded)
  13. space reserved for the possible entry by the host Member State of information essential for administering the license (barcode (personal number))
  14. space reserved for the possible entry by the Member State which issues the licence of information essential for administering the licence or related to road safety (optional). Buy European driving licence

Notes

aThough the EU directive states this to be other names, local variations may occur
bThe addition of the personal number is a local variation. 4(d) is optional and should be a number other than the one listed under number 5
cThe address is optional and not implemented by all countries
dNorway[11] and Sweden:[12] a hyphen (-) is shown in lieu of place of birth. Buy European driving licence

Categories valid in all EEA member states

Class Description Age of acquisition Requires Includes Remarks
Mopeds
AM Two-wheel vehicles or three-wheel vehicles with a maximum design speed of not more than 45 kilometers per hour (28 mph) and with a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50 cubic centimetres (3.1 cu in). 16 years (15 years in Austria, Denmark, Finland, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden, 14 years in Estonia, Latvia, France, Italy, Poland, and Hungary). Until 19 January 2013 this class was called “M” in Bulgaria, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, and Norway.
Motorcycles
A1 Motorcycles with a cylinder capacity not exceeding 125 cubic centimetres (7.6 cu in) and a power not exceeding 11 kilowatts (15 hp); and motor tricycles with a power not exceeding 15 kilowatts (20 hp). 16 years. (17 years in the UK, 18 years in Denmark, Greece, Belgium, and the Netherlands). AM, (also T in Finland) B licence holders in Czech Republic (only motorcycles with automatic transmission), Italy, Latvia, Malta (after a training of 10 hours), Slovakia (after two years and only motorcycles with automatic transmission), Spain (after three years), Poland (after three years), Portugal (at least 25 years old or additional licence for mopeds), and Belgium (only with a Belgian Driving Licence, after two years) are allowed to drive motorcycles not exceeding 125 cubic centimeters (7.6 cu in) within the respective countries. In Austria (after five years, training of 6 hours), France (after two years, a training of 7 hours), Luxembourg (after two years, training of 7 hours), and the United Kingdom (Compulsory Basic Training), a practical training without exam is needed for B licence holders.
A2 Motorcycles of a power not exceeding 35 kilowatts (47 hp) and with a power/weight ratio not exceeding 0.2 kilowatts per kilogram (0.12 hp/lb) and not derived from a vehicle of more than double its power. 18 years. (19 years in the UK, 20 years in Denmark, Greece, and the Netherlands). A1, AM, (also T in Finland) Replaced class “A” on 19 January 2013 in Malta.
A Any motorcycle or motor tricycle not in category A1/A2 20 years. (21 years in the UK, 22 years in Denmark, Greece, and the Netherlands). However, access to the driving of motorcycles of this category shall be subject to a minimum of two years’ experience on motorcycles under an A2 licence. This requirement as to previous experience may be waived if the candidate is at least 24 years old. A2, A1, AM, (also T in Finland) B licence holders who are at least 21 years of age are allowed to drive motor tricycles (including three-wheeled motorcycles with a power exceeding 15 kilowatts (20 hp) in the following countries: France, Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Finland, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Spain, the Netherlands, Poland (after three years of B licence) and the United Kingdom. In France, a practical training (at least 7 hours) without an exam is needed for B licence holders who want to drive motor tricycles only, and this option is available only after at least two years of B licence. In the Netherlands it’s allowed to drive from the age of at least 18, and if you had your driving licence B before 19 January 2013. Replaced class “A+” on 19 January 2013 in Malta.
Motor vehicles
B Motor vehicles with a maximum authorised mass (MAM) not exceeding 3,500 kilograms (7,700 lb) and designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than eight passengers in addition to the driver; motor vehicles in this category may be combined with a trailer having a maximum authorized mass which does not exceed 750 kilograms (1,650 lb). You can also tow heavier trailers if the total MAM of the vehicle and trailer isn’t more than 3,500 kilograms (7,700 lb).The limit in the first condition is: 3,500 kilograms (7,700 lb) + 750 kilograms (1,650 lb)= 4,250 kilograms (9,370 lb).

The limit for in the second condition is: 2,500 kilograms (5,500 lb) + 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lb)= 3,500 kilograms (7,700 lb).

18 years (17 years in Denmark and Slovakia (under supervision, from age of 18 without supervision), Iceland, Germany, Hungary, and Netherlands (under supervision, from age of 18 without supervision)).17 years in the UK and Ireland. 17 in Austria after 3000km of driving under supervision. AM (some countries), S, (also A1 in Czech Republic and F and G in Croatia) In Poland and Spain, drivers with 3 years B driver licence are also entitled to ride motorcycles <= 125 centimetres (49 in) and power <= 11 kilowatts (15 hp) and ratio power/weight <= 0.1 kilowatts per kilogram (0.061 hp/lb) Does not include S in Norway.
BE Without prejudice to the provisions of type-approval rules for the vehicles concerned, a combination of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle in category B and a trailer or semi-trailer where the maximum authorised mass of the trailer or semi-trailer does not exceed 3,500 kilograms (7,700 lb). 18 years (17 years in the UK and Ireland). B Includes T in Norway and Poland.
B1 Heavy quadricycles 16 years AM This class is optional, i.e. it is not implemented by all countries.
Large goods vehicle
C1 Large goods vehicle with a maximum authorised mass of not more than 7.5 tonnes (7.4 long tons; 8.3 short tons); with or without a trailer with a maximum mass of less than 750 kilograms (1,650 lb). 18 years B
C1E Combinations of vehicles where the tractor vehicle is in category C and its trailer or semi-trailer has a maximum authorised mass of over 750 kilograms (1,650 lb). 18 years C1
C Large goods vehicle with a maximum authorised mass of more than 3.5 tonnes (3.4 long tons; 3.9 short tons) mass and not more than 8 + 1 seats (lorry); with a trailer with a maximum mass of 750 kilograms (1,650 lb). 21 years (18 years in Sweden, Finland, UK and Ireland; 18 years in Germany for non-commercial use only except for apprenticeship as professional driver) B for 1 year, not including restricted licence C1
CE Other combinations of vehicles and trailers which with combined maximum authorised mass of more than 750 kilograms (1,650 lb). 21 years C C1E, T
Buses
D1 Light buses with a maximum of 16 + 1 seats, maximum length of 8 metres (26 ft). 21 years B for 1 year, not including restricted licence Motor vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than 16 passengers in addition to the driver.; motor vehicles in this category may be combined with a trailer having a maximum authorized mass not exceeding 750 kilograms (1,650 lb).
D1E Combinations of vehicles where the tractor vehicle is in category D1 and its trailer has a maximum authorized mass of over 750 kilograms (1,650 lb). 21 years D1
D Vehicles with more than 8 + 1 seats (buses). 24 years (21 years in Ireland) B for 2 years, not including restricted licence D1 Motor vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of more than eight passengers in addition to the driver; motor vehicles which may be driven with a category D licence may be combined with a trailer having a maximum authorized mass which does not exceed 750 kilograms (1,650 lb). Includes articulated buses (at least in the UK and in Germany).
DE Combinations of vehicles where the tractor vehicle is in category D and its trailer has a maximum authorized mass of over 750 kilograms (1,650 lb). 24 years (21 years in Ireland) D D1E

National categories in EEA member states[edit]

There are other national categories for tractors, large motorcycles, motorized wheel boats, motor tricycles (modern voiturettes, Category B1 or S), and military categories such as for driving tanks. National categories mean they are not harmonized and only valid within the issuing country. The tables below are general descriptions that do not include full details of regulations. European driving licence For Sale

Austria

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
F Tractor 16 Austria

Bulgaria

In 2013 the driving licence category Tтб was phased out and incorporated into the D category. Trolleybus drivers are now required to possess a D category driving licence and to complete additional training on a trolleybus. Entitlement to drive a trolleybus is specified on the driving licence by a code 103. Buy European driving licence

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
Tкт Tractor 16 Bulgaria
Tтб Trolleybus 24
Tтм Tram 24

Croatia[edit]

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
F Tractor – with or without a trailer 16 Croatia
G Heavy equipment 16
H Tram 21

Germany

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
BF17 Begleitetes Fahren (accompanied driving) — BF17 licensed driver must be accompanied by B-licence holder age 30+ 17 Germany, Austria
L Tractor not exceeding 40 km/h by design (with trailer attached: max. 25 km/h) 16 Germany
T Tractor 16

Hungary

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
M Moped 14 Hungary
K Two-wheel tractor 16
T Tractor – with maximum 2 trailer 16
TR Trolleybus 20
V Tram 20

Ireland[edit]

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
W Work Vehicle – includes land tractors with or without a trailer 16 Ireland

Latvia

Class Description Valid in
TRAM Tram Latvia
TROL Trolleybus

Norway

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
S Snowmobile 16 Norway
T Tractor 16

Poland

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
T Tractor 16 Poland

Slovenia

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
F Tractor 16 Slovenia

Switzerland

Even though Switzerland is an EFTA member state, it is not a member of the European Economic Area. Switzerland has, however, generally adopted much of the harmonized EU legislation with regard to driving licences. Swiss licences can be exchanged in most EEA countries. Switzerland has, since the 2000s, used the EU system of vehicle categories and issued EEA-style credit-card licences, similar to many other non-EU-countries. Buy European driving licence

To apply for a car driving licence (category B), the applicant must be at least 18 years old. They must first attend first aid courses and pass an eyesight test. Passing a theory exam is required to receive a learner’s permit/licence valid for two years. This allows holders to drive a car only if accompanied by a person, aged 23 or more, who has had a full driving licence for a minimum of three years. Before passing the practical exam, the candidate must attend 10 hours of theory lessons on “familiarization to road traffic”. Practical driving lessons are not legally required but are considered a de facto prerequisite for passing the practical exam taken with a government official Driving Test Examiner. Upon succeeding the practical exam, a probationary driving licence is issued for three years. To obtain the full, unlimited, driving licence after these three years, the candidate must not commit a serious traffic offence and attend two days of further driving training.

For motorcycles and heavier vehicles, the regulations are different, and some agrarian vehicles can be driven without a licence. As of 2011, a 45-minute driving lesson costs around 90 CHF, while the various fees and theoretical instruction costs associated with getting a car driving licence can amount to up to CHF 600, without counting the costs for the two days of further training. European driving licence For Sale

The theoretical exam must be taken in either German, French, or Italian. In some cantons, it is possible to take it in English. European driving licence for sale

Class Description Age minimum Valid in
F Tractor <= 45 kilometres per hour (28 mph) 16 Switzerland
G Tractor <= 30 kilometres per hour (19 mph) 14
M Moped <= 30 kilometres per hour (19 mph) 14

 

Gallery[edit]

Country Code Before 19 January 2013 (in Croatia before 1 July 2013) Since 19 January 2013 (in Croatia since 1 July 2013)
Austria A Austria drivers license Austria License
Belgium B Belgium license Belgium driving license
Bulgaria BG
Croatia HR Croatian driving licence
Croatian driving licence
Cyprus CY
Czech Republic CZ
Denmark DK Danmark License
Estonia EST
Finland FIN Finnish driver's licence
Finnish driver's licence [20]
France F french drivers license French driving license
Germany D DE Licence Desiré Jeanette Mustermann
Germany Licence Desiré Jeanette Mustermann
Germany Licence 2013
Germany Licence 2013 Back.
Greece GR Hellenic Driving Licence
Hungary H
Iceland IS
Ireland IRL Irish Drivers License
Italy I Ireland licence
Ireland licence
Latvia LV
Liechtenstein FL
Lithuania LT
Luxembourg L
Malta M
Netherlands NL
Norway N Førerkort fremside
Førerkort bakside Norway
Poland PL Poland driving license Projekt nowego prawa jazdy.
Portugal P
Romania RO Romania licence
Slovakia SK
Slovenia SLO
Spain E Permiso de conducir plastificado.
Sweden S
United Kingdom UK

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